road-20191231
false2020Q10001718227--09-30900017182272019-10-012019-12-31xbrli:shares0001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-02-050001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-02-05iso4217:USD00017182272019-12-3100017182272019-09-30iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2019-12-3100017182272018-10-012018-12-310001718227us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-10-010001718227us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member2019-10-010001718227us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-09-300001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2018-09-300001718227us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-09-300001718227us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-09-300001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-09-3000017182272018-09-300001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2018-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2018-12-310001718227us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-310001718227us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-12-310001718227us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-3100017182272018-12-31xbrli:pure0001718227road:DepartmentOfTransportationMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:DepartmentOfTransportationMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:AlabamaTransportationDepartmentMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:AlabamaTransportationDepartmentMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:NorthCarolinaTransportationDepartmentMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:NorthCarolinaTransportationDepartmentMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:PrivateMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:PrivateMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberroad:PublicMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberroad:PublicMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:HMAManufacturingPlantAndPavingCompanyMember2019-10-012019-10-010001718227road:HMAManufacturingPlantAndPavingCompanyMember2019-10-0100017182272020-01-012019-12-3100017182272020-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:EquipmentMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:EquipmentMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:ManufacturingFacilityMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:ManufacturingFacilityMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember2019-09-300001718227road:QuarryReservesMember2019-12-310001718227road:QuarryReservesMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:BuildingMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:BuildingMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberroad:BBVACreditAgreementMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberroad:BBVACreditAgreementMember2019-10-010001718227road:BBVACreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-10-010001718227road:BBVACreditAgreementMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2019-10-010001718227us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMemberus-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-10-212019-10-210001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2019-10-210001718227us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:ConsiderationNoteReceivableMember2017-12-310001718227road:ConsiderationNoteReceivableMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember2019-12-310001718227road:ConsiderationNoteReceivableMemberus-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2019-12-310001718227road:AccountsPayableNoteReceivableMember2017-12-310001718227road:AccountsPayableNoteReceivableMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberroad:AccountsPayableNoteReceivableMember2019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:HKLtd.Member2019-06-012019-06-300001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:SunTxCapitalPartnersMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:PurchaserOfSubsidiaryMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:PurchaserOfSubsidiaryMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:PurchaserOfSubsidiaryMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:PurchaserOfSubsidiaryMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:DisposedEntitMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:DisposedEntitMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:DisposedEntitMember2019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:DisposedEntitMember2019-09-300001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:LandDevelopmentProjectMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:LandDevelopmentProjectMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:LandDevelopmentProjectMember2019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:LandDevelopmentProjectMember2019-09-300001718227road:SubcontractingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:SubcontractingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:SubcontractingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:SubcontractingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:ConstructionServicesMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:ConstructionServicesMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:ConstructionServicesMember2019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:ConstructionServicesMember2019-09-300001718227road:IslandPondMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:IslandPondMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:IslandPondMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:IslandPondMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227road:VehicleRentalsMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:VehicleRentalsMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:VehicleRentalsMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:VehicleRentalsMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227road:ConsultingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:ConsultingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:ConsultingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:ConsultingServicesMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227road:HKLtd.Membersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227road:HKLtd.Membersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227road:HKLtd.Membersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-12-310001718227road:HKLtd.Membersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-09-300001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:SunTxMember2019-10-012019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:SunTxMember2018-10-012018-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:SunTxMember2019-12-310001718227srt:AffiliatedEntityMemberroad:SunTxMember2019-09-300001718227road:SettlementAgreementMember2018-04-19road:installment0001718227road:SettlementAgreementMember2017-10-012018-09-300001718227road:SettlementAgreementMember2019-09-300001718227road:SettlementAgreementMember2019-12-310001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2018-10-012019-09-300001718227us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-09-300001718227us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-12-31
Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 001-38479
Construction Partners, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware26-0758017
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
290 Healthwest Drive, Suite 2
Dothan, Alabama
36303
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (334) 673-9763
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per shareROADThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of February 5, 2020, the registrant had 32,705,418 shares of Class A common stock, $0.001 par value, and 19,076,327 shares of Class B common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding.



CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), including statements related to future events, business strategy, future performance, future operations, backlog, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management. All statements other than statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are often, but not always, identified by the use of words such as “seek,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “continue,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “project,” “predict,” “potential,” “targeting,” “intend,” “could,” “might,” “should,” “believe,” “outlook” and similar expressions or their negative. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s belief, based on currently available information, as to the outcome and timing of future events. These statements involve estimates, assumptions, known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. When evaluating forward-looking statements, you should consider the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under the heading “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019. We believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained in this report are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements should not be unduly relied upon.
Important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
declines in public infrastructure construction and reductions in government funding, including the funding by transportation authorities and other state and local agencies;
risks related to our operating strategy;
competition for projects in our local markets;
risks associated with our capital-intensive business;
government inquiries, requirements and initiatives, including those related to funding for public or infrastructure construction, land usage, environmental, health and safety matters, and government contracting requirements and other laws and regulations;
unfavorable economic conditions and restrictive financing markets;
our ability to successfully identify, manage and integrate acquisitions;
our ability to obtain sufficient bonding capacity to undertake certain projects;
our ability to accurately estimate the overall risks, requirements or costs when we bid on or negotiate contracts that are ultimately awarded to us;
the cancellation of a significant number of contracts or our disqualification from bidding for new contracts;
risks related to adverse weather conditions;
our substantial indebtedness and the restrictions imposed on us by the terms thereof;
our ability to maintain favorable relationships with third parties that supply us with equipment and essential supplies;
our ability to retain key personnel and maintain satisfactory labor relations;
property damage and other claims and insurance coverage issues;
the outcome of litigation or disputes, including employment-related, workers’ compensation and breach of contract claims;
risks related to our information technology systems and infrastructure, including cybersecurity incidents; and
our ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting.
These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could also cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Our future results will depend upon various other risks and uncertainties, including those described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date on which any such statement is made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.


Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS




Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

CONSTRUCTION PARTNERS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
December 31,September 30,
2019  2019  
(unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$49,443  $80,619  
Contracts receivable including retainage, net118,548  139,882  
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts14,152  12,030  
Inventories36,271  34,291  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets16,087  13,144  
Total current assets234,501  279,966  
Property, plant and equipment, net229,502  205,870  
Operating lease right-of-use assets8,532  —  
Goodwill45,467  38,546  
Intangible assets, net3,381  3,434  
Investment in joint venture39  496  
Other assets1,953  2,284  
Deferred income taxes1,173  1,173  
Total assets$524,548  $531,769  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$48,627  $70,442  
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts31,169  31,115  
   Current portion of operating lease liabilities2,930  —  
Current maturities of debt8,511  7,538  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities11,649  19,078  
Total current liabilities102,886  128,173  
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current maturities49,149  42,458  
   Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion5,818  —  
Deferred income taxes11,480  11,480  
Other long-term liabilities6,031  6,108  
Total long-term liabilities72,478  60,046  
Total liabilities175,364  188,219  
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, par value $0.001; 10,000,000 shares authorized at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 and no shares issued and outstanding
    
Class A common stock, par value $0.001; 400,000,000 shares authorized, 32,705,418 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019, and 32,597,736 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019
33  33  
Class B common stock, par value $0.001; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 21,999,279 shares issued and 19,076,327 outstanding at December 31, 2019, and 22,106,961 shares issued and 19,184,009 shares outstanding at September 30, 2019
22  22  
Additional paid-in capital243,847  243,452  
Treasury stock, at cost, 2,922,952 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.001
(15,603) (15,603) 
Retained earnings120,885  115,646  
Total stockholders’ equity349,184  343,550  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$524,548  $531,769  
See notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
2

Table of Contents
CONSTRUCTION PARTNERS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(unaudited in thousands, except share and per share data)
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
2019  2018  
Revenues$175,314  $154,327  
Cost of revenues151,557  133,199  
Gross profit23,757  21,128  
General and administrative expenses(17,113) (14,431) 
Gain on sale of equipment, net309  334  
Operating income6,953  7,031  
Interest expense, net(281) (515) 
Other income (expense)65  (17) 
Income before provision for income taxes and earnings from investment in joint venture6,737  6,499  
Provision for income taxes1,319  1,651  
Earnings from investment in joint venture43  306  
Net income$5,461  $5,154  
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Basic$0.11  $0.10  
  Diluted$0.11  $0.10  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic51,489,211  51,414,619  
  Diluted51,609,380  51,414,619  
See notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

3

Table of Contents
CONSTRUCTION PARTNERS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(unaudited in thousands, except share data)
Class A Common StockClass B Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Retained
Earnings
Total Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
September 30, 201932,597,736  $33  22,106,961  $22  $243,452  $(15,603) $115,646  $343,550  
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  5,461  5,461  
Equity-based compensation expense—  —  —  —  395  —  —  395  
Conversion of Class B common stock to Class A common stock107,682  —  (107,682) —  —  —  —    
Effect of adopting ASU Topic 842 (See Note 3)—  —  —  —  —  —  (222) (222) 
December 31, 201932,705,418  $33  21,999,279  $22  $243,847  $(15,603) $120,885  $349,184  

Class A Common StockClass B Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Retained
Earnings
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
September 30, 201811,950,000  $12  42,387,571  $42  $242,493  $(15,603) $72,525  $299,469  
Net income —  —  —  —  —  —  5,154  5,154  
December 31, 201811,950,000  $12  42,387,571  $42  $242,493  $(15,603) $77,679  $304,623  
See notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
4

Table of Contents
CONSTRUCTION PARTNERS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited in thousands)
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
2019  2018  
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$5,461  $5,154  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization of long-lived assets9,438  7,138  
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs and debt discount36  27  
Provision for bad debt145  145  
Gain on sale of equipment(309) (334) 
Equity-based compensation expense395    
Earnings from investment in joint venture(43) (306) 
  Other non-cash adjustments(6)   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisition:
Contracts receivable including retainage, net21,981  26,174  
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts(2,122) (858) 
Inventories(1,535) (3,982) 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(2,943) (2,277) 
Other assets331  298  
Accounts payable(21,815) (25,290) 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts54  733  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(7,444) (5,402) 
Other long-term liabilities(77) (9) 
Net cash provided by operating activities, net of acquisition1,547  1,211  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(23,595) (7,406) 
Proceeds from sale of equipment492  536  
Business acquisition, net of cash acquired(17,748)   
Distributions received from investment in joint venture500  1,800  
Net cash used in investing activities(40,351) (5,070) 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs and discount9,777    
Repayments of long-term debt(2,149) (3,711) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities7,628  (3,711) 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(31,176) (7,570) 
Cash and cash equivalents:
Beginning of period80,619  99,137  
End of period$49,443  $91,567  
Supplemental cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$496  $747  
Cash paid for income taxes$300  $60  
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities$217  $  
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities$870  $  
Non-cash items:
Property, plant and equipment financed with accounts payable$391  $178  
See notes to consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
5

Table of Contents
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)

Note 1 - General
Business Description
Construction Partners, Inc. (the “Company”) is a leading infrastructure and road construction company operating in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina through its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company provides site development, paving, utility and drainage systems services, as well as hot mix asphalt (“HMA”), aggregates, ready-mix concrete, and liquid asphalt cement supply. The Company executes projects for a mix of private, municipal, state, and federal customers that are both privately and publicly funded. The majority of the work is performed under fixed unit price contracts and, to a lesser extent, fixed total price contracts.

The Company was formed as a Delaware corporation in 2007 as a holding company for its wholly owned subsidiary, Construction Partners Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation incorporated in 1999 that began operations in 2001, to execute an acquisition growth strategy in the HMA paving and construction industry. On December 31, 2019, the Company completed an internal reorganization by merging Construction Partners Holdings, Inc. with and into the Company, with the Company surviving the merger. SunTx Capital Partners (“SunTx”), a private equity firm based in Dallas, Texas, is the Company’s majority investor and has owned a controlling interest in the Company’s stock since the Company’s inception.

Seasonality
The use and consumption of our products and services fluctuate due to seasonality. Our products are used, and our construction operations and production facilities are located, outdoors. Therefore, seasonal changes and other weather-related conditions, in particular extended snowy, rainy or cold weather in the winter, spring or fall and major weather events, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms and heavy snows, can adversely affect our business and operations through a decline in both the use of our products and demand for our services. In addition, construction materials production and shipment levels follow activity in the construction industry, which typically occurs in the spring, summer and fall. Warmer and drier weather during the third and fourth quarters of our fiscal year typically result in higher activity and revenues during those quarters. The first and second quarters of our fiscal year typically have lower levels of activity due to adverse weather conditions.

Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These interim consolidated statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which permit reduced disclosure for interim periods. The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2019 was derived from audited financial statements for the fiscal year then ended, but does not include all necessary disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) with respect to annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, the unaudited consolidated financial statements include all recurring adjustments and normal accruals necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the dates and periods presented. These consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”). Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full fiscal year or for any future period.

Management’s Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the recorded amounts of assets, liabilities, stockholders’ equity, revenues and expenses during the reporting period, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Estimates are used in accounting for items such as recognition of revenues and cost of revenues, goodwill and other intangible assets, valuation of operating lease right-of-use assets, allowance for doubtful accounts, valuation allowances related to income taxes, accruals for potential liabilities related to lawsuits or insurance claims, and the fair value of equity-based compensation awards. Estimates are continually evaluated based on historical information and actual experience; however, actual results could differ from these estimates.
A description of certain critical accounting policies of the Company is presented below. Additional critical accounting policies and the underlying judgments and uncertainties are described in the notes to the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements included in its 2019 Form 10-K.
6

Table of Contents
Emerging Growth Company
The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”) enacted in April 2012. As an emerging growth company, the Company could have taken advantage of an exemption that would have allowed the Company to wait to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until the effective date of such standards for private companies. However, the Company has irrevocably elected to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a new or revised standard has a different effective date for public and private companies, the Company is required to adopt the standard at the effective date applicable to public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash consists principally of currency on hand and demand deposits at commercial banks. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are both readily convertible to known amounts of cash and are so near their maturity that they present insignificant risk of changes in value because of changes in interest rates. Cash equivalents include investments with original maturities of three months or less. The Company maintains demand accounts, money market accounts and certificates of deposit at several banks. From time to time, the account balances have exceeded the maximum available federal deposit insurance coverage limit. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and regularly monitors its credit risk.
Contracts Receivable Including Retainage, net
Contracts receivable are generally based on amounts billed and currently due from customers, amounts currently due but unbilled, and amounts retained by the customer pending completion of a project. It is common in the Company’s industry for a small portion of either progress billings or the contract price, typically 10%, to be withheld by the customer until the Company completes a project to the satisfaction of the customer in accordance with contract terms. Such amounts, defined as retainage, represent a contract asset and are included on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as “Contracts receivable including retainage, net”. Based on the Company’s experience with similar contracts in recent years, billings for such retainage balances are generally collected within one year of the completion of the project.

The carrying value of contracts receivable including retainage, net of the allowance for doubtful accounts, represents their estimated net realizable value. Management provides for uncollectible accounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to the allowance for doubtful accounts based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts, type of service performed, and current economic conditions. Balances that are still outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off through a charge to the allowance for doubtful accounts and an adjustment of the contract receivable.
Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
Billing practices for the Company’s contracts are governed by the contract terms of each project based on (i) progress toward completion approved by the owner, (ii) achievement of milestones or (iii) pre-agreed schedules. Billings do not necessarily correlate with revenues recognized under the cost-to-cost input method (formerly known as the percentage-of-completion method). The Company records contract assets and contract liabilities to account for these differences in timing.
The contract asset, “Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts,” arises when the Company recognizes revenues for services performed under its construction projects, but the Company is not yet entitled to bill the customer under the terms of the contract. Amounts billed to customers are excluded from this asset and reflected on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as “Contracts receivable including retainage, net”. Included in costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts are amounts the Company seeks or will seek to collect from customers or others for (i) errors, (ii) changes in contract specifications or design, (iii) contract change orders in dispute, unapproved as to scope and price, or (iv) other customer-related causes of unanticipated additional contract costs (such as claims). Such amounts are recorded to the extent that the amount can be reasonably estimated and recovery is probable. Claims and unapproved change orders made by the Company may involve negotiation and, in rare cases, litigation. Unapproved change orders and claims also involve the use of estimates, and revenues associated with unapproved change orders and claims are included in the transaction price to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty is resolved. The Company did not recognize any material amounts associated with claims and unapproved change orders during the periods presented.

The contract liability, “Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts,” represents the Company’s obligation to transfer to a customer goods or services for which the Company has been paid by the customer or for which the Company has billed the customer under the terms of the contract. Revenue for future services reflected in this account are recognized, and the liability is reduced, as the Company subsequently satisfies the performance obligation under the contract.
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts and billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts are typically resolved within one year and are not considered significant financing components.
7

Table of Contents
Concentration of Risks
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of contracts receivable including retainage. In the normal course of business, the Company provides credit to its customers and does not generally require collateral. The Company monitors concentrations of credit risk associated with these receivables on an ongoing basis. The Company has not historically experienced significant credit losses, due primarily to management’s assessment of customers’ credit ratings. The Company principally deals with recurring customers, state and local governments and well-known local companies whose reputations are known to management. The Company performs credit checks for significant new customers and generally requires progress payments for significant projects. The Company generally has the ability to file liens against the property if payments are not made on a timely basis. No single customer accounted for more than 10.0% of the Company’s contracts receivable including retainage, net balance at December 31, 2019 or September 30, 2019.
Projects performed for various Departments of Transportation accounted for 31.0% and 37.3% of consolidated revenues for each of the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Two customers accounted for more than 10.0% of consolidated revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, as follows:
% of Consolidated Revenues
for the Three Months Ended December 31,
2019  2018  
Alabama Department of Transportation10.8 %9.6 %
North Carolina Department of Transportation8.5 %14.2 %
Revenues from Contracts with Customers
The Company derives all of its revenues from contracts with its customers, predominantly by performing construction services for both public and private infrastructure projects, with an emphasis on highways, roads, bridges, airports and commercial and residential developments. These projects are performed for a mix of federal, state, municipal and private customers. In addition, the Company derives revenues from the sale of construction materials, including HMA, aggregates, liquid asphalt cement and ready-mix concrete to third-party public and private customers pursuant to contracts with those customers. The following table reflects, for the periods presented, (i) revenues generated from public infrastructure construction projects and the sale of construction materials to public customers and (ii) revenues generated from private infrastructure construction projects and the sale of construction materials to private customers.
% of Consolidated Revenues For the Three Months Ended December 31,
2019  2018  
Private39.4 %32.1 %
Public60.6 %67.9 %
Revenues derived from construction projects are recognized over time as the Company satisfies its performance obligations by transferring to the customer control of the asset created or enhanced by the project. Recognition of revenues and cost of revenues for construction projects requires significant judgment by management, including, among other things, estimating total costs expected to be incurred to complete a project and measuring progress toward completion. Management reviews contract estimates regularly to assess revisions of estimated costs to complete a project and measurement of progress toward completion.
Management believes the Company maintains reasonable estimates based on prior experience; however, many factors contribute to changes in estimates of contract costs. Accordingly, estimates made with respect to uncompleted projects are subject to change as each project progresses and better estimates of contract costs become available. All contract costs are recorded as incurred, and revisions to estimated total costs are reflected as soon as the obligation to perform is determined. Provisions are recognized for the full amount of estimated losses on uncompleted contracts whenever evidence indicates that the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue, regardless of the stage of completion. When the Company incurs additional costs related to work performed by subcontractors, the Company may be able to utilize contractual provisions to back charge the subcontractors for those costs. A reduction to costs related to back charges is recognized when the estimated recovery is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Contract costs consist of (i) direct costs on contracts, including labor, materials, and amounts payable to subcontractors and (ii) indirect costs related to contract performance, such as insurance, employee benefits, and equipment (primarily depreciation, fuel, maintenance and repairs).
8

Table of Contents
Progress toward completion is estimated using the input method, measured by the relationship of total cost incurred through the measurement date to total estimated costs required to complete the project (cost-to-cost method). The Company believes this method best depicts the transfer of goods and services to the customer because it represents satisfaction of the Company’s performance obligation under the contract, which occurs as the Company incurs costs. The Company measures percentage of completion based on the performance of a single performance obligation under its construction projects. Each of the Company’s construction contracts represents a single performance obligation to complete a defined construction project. This is because goods and services promised for delivery to a customer are not distinct, as the customer cannot benefit from any individual portion of the services on its own. All deliverables under a contract are part of a project defined by a customer and represent a series of integrated goods and services that have the same pattern of delivery to the customer and use the same measure of progress toward satisfaction of the performance obligation as the customer’s asset is created or enhanced by the Company. The Company’s obligation is not satisfied until the entire project is complete.
Revenue recognized during a reporting period is based on the cost-to-cost input method applied to the total transaction price, including adjustments for variable consideration, such as liquidated damages, penalties or bonuses, related to the timeliness or quality of project performance. The Company includes variable consideration in the estimated transaction price at the most likely amount to which the Company expects to be entitled or the most likely amount the Company expects to incur, in the case of liquidated damages or penalties. Such amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty is resolved. The Company accounts for changes to the estimated transaction price using a cumulative catch-up adjustment.
The majority of the Company’s public construction contracts are fixed unit price contracts. Under fixed unit price contracts, the Company is committed to providing materials or services required by a contract at fixed unit prices (for example, dollars per ton of asphalt placed). The Company’s private customer contracts are primarily fixed total price contracts, also known as lump sum contracts, which require that the total amount of work be performed for a single price. Contract cost is recorded as incurred, and revisions in contract revenue and cost estimates are reflected in the accounting period when known. Changes in job performance, job conditions and estimated profitability, including those changes arising from contract change orders, penalty provisions and final contract settlements, may result in revisions to estimated revenues and cost and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined.
Change orders are modifications of an original contract that effectively change the existing provisions of the contract and become part of the single performance obligation that is partially satisfied at the date of the contract modification. This is because goods and services promised under change orders are generally not distinct from the remaining goods and services under the existing contract, due to the significant integration of services performed in the context of the contract. Accordingly, change orders are generally accounted for as a modification of the existing contract and single performance obligation. We account for the modification using a cumulative catch-up adjustment. Either the Company or its customers may initiate change orders, which may include changes in specifications or designs, manner of performance, facilities, equipment, materials, sites and period of completion of the work.
Revenues derived from the sale of HMA, aggregates, ready-mix concrete, and liquid asphalt are recognized at the point in time at which control of the product is transferred to the customer. Generally, that point in time is when the customer accepts delivery at its facility or receives product in its own transport vehicles from one of the Company’s HMA plants. Upon purchase, the Company generally provides an invoice or similar document detailing the goods transferred to the customer. The Company generally offers payment terms customary in the industry, which typically require payment ranging from point-of-sale to 30 days following purchase.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes includes federal and state income taxes. Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement carrying values and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the fiscal years in which the temporary differences are expected to be reversed or settled. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Management evaluates the realization of deferred tax assets and establishes a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are presented on a net basis by taxing authority and classified as non-current on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company classifies income tax-related interest and penalties as interest expense and other expenses, respectively.
Earnings per Share
Basic net income per share attributable to common stockholders is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per common share attributable to common stockholders is the same as basic net income per share attributable to common stockholders, but includes dilutive unvested stock awards using the treasury stock method.

9

Table of Contents
Note 3 - Accounting Standards
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 842

ASC Topic 842, Leases (“Topic 842”) requires lessees to recognize operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on the balance sheet as described below. Prior to adoption of Topic 842, operating leases were expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income, and the Company did not recognize operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on its Consolidated Balance Sheet.
The Company adopted Topic 842 effective October 1, 2019 using a modified retrospective transition approach with no prior-period retrospective adjustments. As a result, on the adoption date, the Company recognized (i) a net cumulative decrease to retained earnings of $0.2 million, (ii) additional operating lease right-of-use assets of $9.1 million, (iii) current operating lease liabilities of $2.9 million and (iv) non-current operating lease liabilities of $6.4 million. The Company elected to apply optional practical expedients that allowed the Company to forego reassessments of (i) the classification of leases existing at the date of adoption, (ii) the initial direct costs of any existing leases and (iii) whether any expired or existing contracts are, or contain, leases.
In connection with the adoption of Topic 842, the Company implemented several accounting policies relating to the identification and measurement of operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities. At the inception of a contractual arrangement, the Company determines whether a contract contains a lease by assessing whether the contract conveys to the Company the right to control the use of an identified asset in exchange for consideration over a period of time. If so, the Company measures and records an operating lease liability equal to the present value of the future lease payments. Because most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company’s incremental borrowing rate is used in determining the present value of lease payments. The amount of the operating lease right-of-use asset consists of: (i) the amount of the initial measurement of the operating lease liability; (ii) any lease payments made at or before the commencement date, minus any lease incentives received; and (iii) any initial direct costs incurred. The present value calculation may account for options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise the option.
The Company has elected not to apply the recognition requirements to short-term leases (those with terms of 12 months or less) or leases to explore for or use minerals. Instead, for these types of leases, the Company recognizes lease expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Note 4 - Business Acquisitions
On October 1, 2019, a subsidiary of the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of an HMA manufacturing plant and paving company located in Palm City, Florida. The acquired business is expected to benefit from geographic synergies resulting from its proximity to the Company’s preexisting operations in central Florida, including its Okeechobee, Florida HMA plant and office, which the Company acquired in February 2019. The acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. The purchase price of $17.7 million was paid from cash on hand at closing.
The provisional allocation of the purchase price to assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date, was determined in accordance with the methodology described under Fair Value Measurements in Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies to the Company’s audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019. The provisional amounts allocated are $9.6 million of property, plant and equipment, $1.2 million of other current assets and $6.9 million of goodwill. Goodwill, which is deductible for income tax purposes, primarily represents the assembled work force synergies expected to result from the acquisition. Upon finalizing the accounting for this transaction, management expects to ascribe value to other identifiable intangible assets, including customer relationships and customer backlog, which will reduce the preliminary amount allocated to goodwill.
The results of operations since the October 1, 2019 acquisition date attributable to this acquisition are included in the consolidated financial statements since the acquisition date and were not material to the Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended December 31, 2019. Pro forma results of operations as if the acquisition had been consummated October 1, 2018 would not be material to the Consolidated Statements of Income.
The Company recorded certain costs to effect the acquisition as they were incurred, which are reflected in general and administrative expenses on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income in the amount of $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019.
10

Table of Contents
Note 5 - Contracts Receivable Including Retainage, net
Contracts receivable including retainage, net consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 (in thousands):
December 31, 2019September 30, 2019
(unaudited)
Contracts receivable$99,095  $121,050  
Retainage20,587  19,835  
119,682  140,885  
Allowance for doubtful accounts(1,134) (1,003) 
Contracts receivable including retainage, net$118,548  $139,882  
Retainage receivables have been billed, but are not due until contract completion and acceptance by the customer.

Note 6 - Contract Assets and Liabilities
Costs and estimated earnings compared to billings on uncompleted contracts at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 consisted of the following (in thousands):
December 31, 2019September 30, 2019
(unaudited)
Costs on uncompleted contracts$997,238  $900,880  
Estimated earnings to date on uncompleted contracts131,978  123,256  
1,129,216  1,024,136  
Billings to date on uncompleted contracts(1,146,233) (1,043,221) 
Net billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts$(17,017) $(19,085) 
Significant changes to balances of costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings (contract asset) and billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings (contract liability) on uncompleted contracts from September 30, 2019 to December 31, 2019 are presented below (in thousands):
Costs and Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings on
Uncompleted Contracts
Billings in Excess of Costs and Estimated Earnings on
Uncompleted Contracts
Net Billings in Excess of Costs and Estimated Earnings on Uncompleted Contracts
September 30, 2019$12,030  $(31,115) $(19,085) 
Changes in revenue billed, contract price or cost estimates$2,122  $(54) $2,068  
December 31, 2019 (unaudited)$14,152  $(31,169) $(17,017) 
At December 31, 2019, the Company had unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied performance obligations under construction project contracts representing approximately $456.5 million in aggregate transaction price. The Company expects to earn revenue as it satisfies its performance obligations under those contracts in the amount of approximately $327.2 million during the remainder of the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020 and $129.3 million thereafter.
11

Table of Contents
Note 7 - Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 consisted of the following (in thousands):
December 31, 2019September 30, 2019
(unaudited) 
Construction equipment$239,486  $214,500  
Plants94,743  92,279  
Land and improvements36,325  34,365  
Quarry reserves20,594  20,678  
Buildings16,833  15,458  
Furniture and fixtures5,072  4,864  
Leasehold improvements1,135  1,135  
      Total property, plant and equipment, gross414,188  383,279  
Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization(186,106) (177,927) 
Construction in progress1,420  518  
      Total property, plant and equipment, net$229,502  $205,870  
Depreciation and depletion expense related to property, plant and equipment was $9.4 million and $6.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Note 8 - Debt
The Company maintains various credit facilities from time to time to finance acquisitions, the purchase of real estate, construction equipment, plants and other fixed assets, and for general working capital purposes. This includes, among other things, a credit agreement with BBVA USA as agent, issuing bank and a lender, and certain other lenders (as amended, the “BBVA Credit Agreement”) providing for a $82.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”) and a $30.0 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”). Debt at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 consisted of the following (in thousands):
December 31, 2019September 30, 2019
(unaudited)
Long-term debt:
BBVA Term Loan$52,650  $44,700  
BBVA Revolving Credit Facility5,000  5,000  
Other long-term debt464  563  
Total long-term debt58,114  50,263  
Deferred debt issuance costs(453) (263) 
Debt discount(1) (4) 
Current maturities of long-term debt(8,511) (7,538) 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities$49,149  $42,458  
On October 1, 2019, the Company and each of its wholly owned subsidiaries entered into an amendment to the BBVA Credit Agreement that, among other things: (i) added Bank of America, N.A. as a party in connection with the assignment by BBVA to Bank of America of certain of its lending obligations under the BBVA Credit Agreement; (ii) increased the aggregate amount of the Term Loan commitment by the lenders by $10.0 million, to $54.7 million; (iii) provided for a Term Loan advance to the Company in the aggregate amount of $10.0 million, with the proceeds to be used solely for the purpose of buying out certain operating lease obligations; and (iv) extended the maturity date for the outstanding term loan advances from July 1, 2022 to October 1, 2024. In order to hedge against the risk of changes in interest rates on this advance, on October 1, 2019, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount of $5.9 million, under which the Company pays a fixed percentage rate of 1.58% and receives a credit based on the applicable LIBOR rate.

12

Table of Contents
Note 9 - Equity
Shares of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock are identical in all respects, except with respect to voting rights, conversion rights and transfer restrictions applicable to shares of Class B common stock. The holders of Class A common stock are entitled to one vote per share, and the holders of Class B common stock are entitled to ten votes per share. The holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors, unless otherwise required by applicable law or the Company’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws. Shares of Class B common stock are convertible into shares of Class A common stock at any time at the option of the holder or upon any transfer, subject to certain limited exceptions. In addition, upon the election of the holders of a majority of the then-outstanding shares of Class B common stock, all outstanding shares of Class B common stock will be converted into shares of Class A common stock. Once converted into shares of Class A common stock, shares of Class B common stock will not be reissued. Class A common stock is not convertible into any other class of the Company’s capital stock.
Secondary Offering - Exercise of Over-Allotment Option
On October 21, 2019, in conjunction with an underwritten secondary offering of the Company’s Class A common stock, the underwriters of the offering exercised their option to purchase from the selling stockholders in such offering a total of 750,000 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price of $14.25 per share, before selling commissions and discounts. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the offering or the underwriters’ exercise of their over-allotment option.
Conversion of Class B Common Stock to Class A Common Stock
During the three months ended December 31, 2019, certain stockholders of the Company converted a total of 107,682 shares of Class B common stock into shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis. Following the conversions, there were 32,705,418 shares of Class A common stock and 19,076,327 shares of Class B common stock outstanding.

Note 10 - Earnings Per Share
As discussed in Note 9 - Equity, the Company has two classes of common stock. The Company has not presented earnings per share under the two-class method, because the earnings per share are the same for both Class A common stock and Class B common stock. The following table summarizes the weighted-average number of basic common shares outstanding and the calculation of basic earnings per share for the periods presented (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
2019  2018  
Numerator
Net income attributable to common shareholders$5,461  $5,154  
Denominator
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic 51,489,211  51,414,619  
Net income per common share attributable to common shareholders, basic$0.11  $0.10  
The following table summarizes the calculation of the weighted-average number of diluted common shares outstanding and the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the periods presented (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
20192018
Numerator
Net income attributable to common stockholders$5,461  $5,154  
Denominator
Weighted average number of basic common shares outstanding, basic 51,489,211  51,414,619  
Effect of dilutive securities:
Restricted stock grants under 2018 Equity Incentive Plan120,169    
Weighted average number of diluted common shares outstanding:51,609,380  51,414,619  
Net income per diluted common share attributable to common stockholders$0.11  $0.10  

13

Table of Contents
Note 11 - Provision for Income Taxes
The Company files a consolidated United States federal income tax return and income tax returns in various states. Management evaluated the Company’s tax positions based on appropriate provisions of applicable enacted tax laws and regulations and believes that they are supportable based on their specific technical merits and the facts and circumstances of the respective transactions.
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was 19.5% and 24.3%, respectively. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was favorably impacted by the filing of an amended consolidated state return. The Company recorded an amended return benefit of $0.4 million resulting from the utilization of net operating loss carryforwards.
Note 12 - Related Parties
On December 31, 2017, the Company sold an indirect wholly owned subsidiary to an immediate family member of a Senior Vice President of the Company (“Purchaser of Subsidiary”) in consideration for a promissory note in the amount of $1.0 million, which approximated the net book value of the disposed entity. At December 31, 2019, $0.1 million and $0.6 million was reflected on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet within other current assets and other assets, respectively, representing the remaining balances on this note receivable. In connection with this transaction, the Company also received a promissory note from the disposed entity (“Disposed Entity”) on December 31, 2017 in the amount of $1.0 million representing certain accounts payable of the disposed subsidiary that were paid by the Company. At December 31, 2019, $0.1 million and $0.4 million was reflected on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet within other current assets and other assets, respectively, representing the remaining balances on this note receivable. Remaining payments are scheduled to be made in periodic installments during fiscal year 2020 through fiscal year 2026.

From time to time, the Company conducts or has conducted business with the following related parties:
Prior to its acquisition by the Company, a current subsidiary of the Company advanced funds to an entity owned by an immediate family member of a Senior Vice President of the Company in connection with a land development project. The obligations of the borrower entity to repay the advances are guaranteed by a separate entity owned by the same family member of the officer. Amounts outstanding under the advances do not bear interest and must be repaid in full no later than March 17, 2021 (“Land Development Project”).
Entities owned by immediate family members of a Senior Vice President of the Company perform subcontract work for a subsidiary of the Company, including trucking and grading services (“Subcontracting Services”).
From time to time, a subsidiary of the Company provides construction services to various companies owned by a family member of a Senior Vice President of the Company (“Construction Services”).
Since June 1, 2014, the Company has been a party to an access agreement with Island Pond Corporate Services, LLC (“Island Pond”), which provides a location for the Company to conduct business development activities from time to time on a property owned by the Executive Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors.
The Company rents and purchases vehicles from an entity owned by a family member of a Senior Vice President of the Company (“Vehicles”).
Family members of a Senior Vice President of the Company provide consulting services to a subsidiary of the Company (“Consulting Services”).
A subsidiary of the Company leased office space for its Dothan, Alabama office from H&K, Ltd. (“H&K”), an entity partially owned by a Senior Vice President of the Company. The office space was originally leased through early 2020, but the subsidiary terminated the lease in June 2019 and paid $15,000 to H&K as consideration for the early termination. Under the lease agreement, the Company paid a fixed minimum rent per month.
The Company is party to a management services agreement with SunTx, under which the Company pays SunTx $0.25 million per fiscal quarter and reimburses certain travel and other out-of-pocket expenses.
14

Table of Contents
The following table presents revenues earned and expenses incurred by the Company during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and accounts receivable and payable balances at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019, related to transactions with the related parties described above (in thousands):
Revenue Earned (Expense Incurred)Accounts Receivable (Payable)
For the Three Months Ended December 31,December 31,September 30,
2019  2018  2019  2019  
(unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
Purchaser of Subsidiary$  $  $725  $756  
Disposed Entity$  $  $462  $846  
Land Development Project$   $   $774  $774  
Subcontracting Services$(1,578) 
(1)
$(3,293) 
(1)
$(316) $(1,238) 
Construction Services$1,280  $113   $1,643  $2,434  
Island Pond$(80) 
(2)
$(80) 
(2)
$  $  
Vehicles$(253) 
(2)
$(289) 
(2)
$  $  
Consulting Services$(71) 
(2)
$(67) 
(2)
$  $  
H&K$  
(2)
$(21) 
(2)
$  $  
SunTx$(314) 
(2)
$(254) 
(2)
$  $  
(1) Cost is reflected as cost of revenues on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income.
(2) Cost is reflected as general and administrative expenses on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income.

Note 13 - Settlement Agreement
On April 19, 2018, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries entered into settlement agreements with a third party arising from a business interruption event not directly related to the Company’s business that the Company does not expect to reoccur (the “Settlement”). The Settlement provides for the Company’s subsidiaries to receive aggregate net payments of approximately $15.7 million in four equal installments between January 2019 and July 2020, in exchange for releasing and waiving all current and future claims against the third party. The Company recorded a pre-tax gain of $14.8 million during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 related to the Settlement. Future payments are reflected on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 as other current assets in the amount of $7.8 million.
Note 14 - Equity-Based Compensation
During the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, the Company awarded a total of 292,534 restricted shares of Class A common stock to its non-employee directors under the Construction Partners, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan in lieu of any cash compensation. The grants are classified as equity awards. The aggregate grant date fair value of these restricted awards was $3.8 million. The grants will vest as to two-thirds of the underlying shares on January 1, 2021 and as to the remaining one-third of the underlying shares on January 1, 2022.
During the three months ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded compensation expense in connection with these grants in the amount of $0.4 million, which is reflected as general and administrative expenses in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income. At December 31, 2019, there was approximately $2.8 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to these awards.

Note 15 - Leases
The Company leases certain facilities, office space, vehicles and equipment. As of December 31, 2019, operating leases under Topic 842 were included in (i) operating lease right-of-use assets, (ii) current portion of operating lease liabilities and (iii) operating lease liabilities, net of current portion on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet in the amounts of $8.5 million, $2.9 million and $5.8 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had no lease contracts that had not yet commenced but created significant rights and obligations.

Lease expense was $0.9 million and $2.6 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which included operating lease costs related to short-term leases. During the quarter, the Company used cash in the amount of $11.5 million to buy out certain operating lease obligations.
15

Table of Contents
As of December 31, 2019, the weighted-average remaining term of the Company’s leases was 8.2 years, and the weighted-average discount rate was 4.00%. As of December 31, 2019, the lease liability was equal to the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using the incremental borrowing rate on the Company’s secured debt using a single maturity discount rate, as such rate is not materially different from the discount rate applied to each of the leases in the portfolio.

The following table summarizes the Company’s undiscounted lease liabilities outstanding as of December 31, 2019 (in thousands):

Fiscal YearAmount
Remainder of 2020$2,483  
20211,999  
2022962  
2023621  
2024596  
2025 and thereafter3,797  
Total future minimum lease payments$10,458  
Less: imputed interest1,710  
Total$8,748  

As previously disclosed, the Company’s future minimum lease payment obligations as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:

Fiscal YearAmount
2020$6,537  
20213,043  
20221,041  
2023351  
2024255  
Thereafter58  
Total$11,285  

16

Table of Contents
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is intended to assist in understanding and assessing the trends and significant changes in our results of operations and financial condition. Historical results may not be indicative of future performance. This discussion includes forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Such statements involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” This discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our 2019 Form 10-K. In this discussion, we use certain non-GAAP financial measures. Explanation of these non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Investors should not consider non-GAAP financial measures in isolation or as substitutes for financial information presented in compliance with GAAP.
Overview
We are one of the fastest growing civil infrastructure companies in the United States, specializing in the building and maintenance of transportation networks. Our operations leverage a highly skilled workforce, strategically located HMA plants, substantial construction assets and select material deposits. We provide construction products and services to both public and private infrastructure projects, with an emphasis on highways, roads, bridges, airports and commercial and residential sites in the southeastern United States.
Our public projects are funded by federal, state and local governments and include projects for roads, highways, bridges, airports and other forms of infrastructure. Public transportation infrastructure projects historically have been a relatively stable portion of state and federal budgets and represent a significant share of the United States construction market. Federal funds are allocated on a state-by-state basis, and each state is required to match a portion of the federal funds that it receives. Federal highway spending uses funds predominantly from the Highway Trust Fund, which derives its revenues from fuel taxes and other user fees.
In addition to public infrastructure projects, we provide a wide range of large site work construction and HMA paving services to private construction customers, including commercial and residential developers and local businesses.
How We Assess Performance of Our Business
Revenues
We derive our revenues predominantly by providing construction products and services for both public and private infrastructure projects, with an emphasis on highways, roads, bridges, airports and commercial and residential sites. Our projects represent a mix of federal, state, municipal and private customers. We also derive revenues from the sale of HMA, aggregates, ready-mix concrete and liquid asphalt cement to customers. Revenues derived from projects are recognized as performance obligations are satisfied over time, measured according to the relationship of total cost incurred as of a given determination date to the total estimated contract costs. Changes in job performance, job conditions and estimated profitability, including those arising from contract penalty provisions and final contract settlements, may result in revisions to estimated costs and income, and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Revenues derived from the sale of HMA, aggregates, ready-mix concrete and liquid asphalt cement are recognized when risks associated with ownership have passed to the customer.
Gross Profit
Gross profit represents revenues less cost of revenues. Cost of revenues consists of all direct and indirect costs on construction contracts, including raw materials, labor, equipment costs, depreciation, lease expenses, subcontract costs and other expenses at our HMA plants, aggregate mining facilities and liquid asphalt cement terminal. Our cost of revenues is directly affected by fluctuations in commodity prices, primarily liquid asphalt and diesel fuel. From time to time, when appropriate, we limit our exposure to changes in commodity prices by entering into forward purchase commitments. In addition, our public infrastructure contracts often provide for price adjustments based on fluctuations in certain commodity-related product costs. These price adjustment provisions are in place for most of our public infrastructure contracts, and we seek to include similar provisions in our private contracts.
17

Table of Contents
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization
We carry property, plant and equipment on our balance sheet at cost, net of accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization. Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the asset. Amortization expense is the periodic expense related to leasehold improvements and intangible assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the life of the underlying asset or the remaining lease term. Our intangible assets were recognized as a result of certain acquisitions and are generally amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Quarry reserves are depleted in accordance with the units-of-production method as aggregate is extracted, using the initial allocation of cost based on proven and probable reserves.